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__file_tree_walk

Syntax

 
#include <dir.h>

int __file_tree_walk(const char *dir, 
                     int (*func)(const char *path,
                                 const struct ffblk *ff));

Description

This function recursively descends the directory hierarchy which starts with dir. For each file in the hierarchy, __file_tree_walk calls the user-defined function func which is passed a pointer to a NULL-terminated character array in path holding the full pathname of the file, a pointer to a ffblk structure (see section findfirst) ff with a DOS filesystem information about that file.

This function always visits a directory before any of its siblings. The argument dir must be a directory, or __file_tree_walk will fail and set errno to ENOTDIR. The directory dir itself is never passed to func.

The tree traversal continues until one of the following events:

(1) The tree is exhausted (i.e., all descendants of dir are processed). In this case, __file_tree_walk returns 0, meaning a success.

(2) An invocation of func returns a non-zero value. In this case, __file_tree_walk stops the tree traversal and returns whatever func returned.

(3) An error is detected within __file_tree_walk. In that case, ftw returns -1 and sets errno (see section errno) to a suitable value.

Return Value

Zero in case the entire tree was successfully traversed, -1 if __file_tree_walk detected some error during its operation, or any other non-zero value which was returned by the user-defined function func.

Portability

ANSI/ISO C No
POSIX No

Example

 
#include <stdlib.h>

int
ff_walker(const char *path, const struct ffblk *ff)
{
  printf("%s:\t%lu\t", path, ff->ff_fsize);
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 1)
    printf("R");
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 2)
    printf("H");
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 4)
    printf("S");
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 8)
    printf("V");
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 0x10)
    printf("D");
  if (ff->ff_attrib & 0x20)
    printf("A");
  printf("\n");

  if (strcmp(ff->ff_name, "XXXXX") == 0)
    return 42;
  return 0;
}

int
main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
  if (argc > 1)
    {
      char msg[80];

      sprintf(msg, "__file_tree_walk: %d",
                   __file_tree_walk(argv[1], ff_walker));
      if (errno)
        perror(msg);
      else
        puts(msg);
    }
  else
    printf("Usage: %s dir\n", argv[0]);

  return 0;
}


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  Copyright 2004   by DJ Delorie     Updated Apr 2004