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GNU Core-utils

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10.1.1 Which files are listed

These options determine which files ls lists information for. By default, any files and the contents of any directories on the command line are shown.

`-a'
`--all'
List all files in directories, including files that start with `.'.

`-A'
`--almost-all'
List all files in directories except for `.' and `..'.

`-B'
`--ignore-backups'
Do not list files that end with `~', unless they are given on the command line.

`-d'
`--directory'
List just the names of directories, as with other types of files, rather than listing their contents.

`-H'
`--dereference-command-line'
If a command line argument specifies a symbolic link, show information for the file the link references rather than for the link itself.

`-I PATTERN'
`--ignore=PATTERN'
Do not list files whose names match the shell pattern (not regular expression) pattern unless they are given on the command line. As in the shell, an initial `.' in a file name does not match a wildcard at the start of pattern. Sometimes it is useful to give this option several times. For example,

 
$ ls --ignore='.??*' --ignore='.[^.]' --ignore='#*'

The first option ignores names of length 3 or more that start with `.', the second ignores all two-character names that start with `.' except `..', and the third ignores names that start with `#'.

`-L'
`--dereference'
When showing file information for a symbolic link, show information for the file the link references rather than the link itself.

`-R'
`--recursive'
List the contents of all directories recursively.


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