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When a name is seen, and it has a macro definition, it will be expanded as a macro.
If the name is followed by an opening parenthesis, the arguments will be collected before the macro is called. If too few arguments are supplied, the missing arguments are taken to be the empty string. If there are too many arguments, the excess arguments are ignored.
m4 will issue warnings if a builtin macro is called
with an inappropriate number of arguments, but it can be suppressed with
the `-Q' command line option. For user defined macros, there is no
check of the number of arguments given.
Macros are expanded normally during argument collection, and whatever commas, quotes and parentheses that might show up in the resulting expanded text will serve to define the arguments as well. Thus, if foo expands to `, b, c', the macro call
bar(a foo, d)
is a macro call with four arguments, which are `a ', `b', `c' and `d'. To understand why the first argument contains whitespace, remember that leading unquoted whitespace is never part of an argument, but trailing whitespace always is.
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