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5.2 Using Automake with libtool

Libtool library support is implemented under the `LTLIBRARIES' primary.

Here are some samples from the Automake `Makefile.am' in the libtool distribution's `demo' subdirectory.

First, to link a program against a libtool library, just use the `program_LDADD' variable:

bin_PROGRAMS = hell hell.debug

# Build hell from main.c and libhello.la
hell_SOURCES = main.c
hell_LDADD = libhello.la

# Create an easier-to-debug version of hell.
hell_debug_SOURCES = main.c
hell_debug_LDADD = libhello.la
hell_debug_LDFLAGS = -static

The flags `-dlopen' or `-dlpreopen' (see section 4.2 Link mode) would fit better in the program_LDADD variable. Unfortunately, GNU automake, up to release 1.4, doesn't accept these flags in a program_LDADD variable, so you have the following alternatives:

You may use the `program_LDFLAGS' variable to stuff in any flags you want to pass to libtool while linking `program' (such as `-static' to avoid linking uninstalled shared libtool libraries).

Building a libtool library is almost as trivial... note the use of `libhello_la_LDFLAGS' to pass the `-version-info' (see section 6. Library interface versions) option to libtool:

# Build a libtool library, libhello.la for installation in libdir.
lib_LTLIBRARIES = libhello.la
libhello_la_SOURCES = hello.c foo.c
libhello_la_LDFLAGS = -version-info 3:12:1

The `-rpath' option is passed automatically by Automake (except for libraries listed as noinst_LTLIBRARIES), so you should not specify it.

See section `The Automake Manual' in The Automake Manual, for more information.

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