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This file documents GNU Libtool, a script that allows package developers to provide generic shared library support. This edition documents version 1.4.3.
See section 12.2 Reporting bugs, for information on how to report problems with libtool.
1. Introduction What the heck is libtool? 2. The libtool paradigm How libtool's view of libraries is different. 3. Using libtool Example of using libtool to build libraries. 4. Invoking
5. Integrating libtool with your package Using libtool in your own packages. 6. Library interface versions Using library interface versions. 7. Tips for interface design Tips for library interface design. 8. Inter-library dependencies Libraries that depend on other libraries. 9. Dlopened modules
dlopening libtool-created libraries.
10. Using libltdl Libtool's portable
11. Using libtool with other languages Using libtool without a C compiler. 12. Troubleshooting When libtool doesn't work as advertised. 13. Maintenance notes for libtool Information used by the libtool maintainer. GNU Free Documentation License License for this manual. Index Full index.
1.1 Motivation for writing libtool Why does GNU need a libtool? 1.2 Implementation issues The problems that need to be addressed. 1.3 Other implementations How other people have solved these issues. 1.4 A postmortem analysis of other implementations Learning from past difficulties.
3.1 Creating object files Compiling object files for libraries. 3.2 Linking libraries Creating libraries from object files. 3.3 Linking executables Linking object files against libtool libraries. 3.4 Debugging executables Running GDB on libtool-generated programs. 3.5 Installing libraries Making libraries available to users. 3.6 Installing executables Making programs available to users. 3.7 Linking static libraries When shared libraries are not wanted.
4.1 Compile mode Creating library object files. 4.2 Link mode Generating executables and libraries. 4.3 Execute mode Debugging libtool-generated programs. 4.4 Install mode Making libraries and executables public. 4.5 Finish mode Completing a library installation. 4.6 Uninstall mode Removing installed executables and libraries. 4.7 Clean mode Removing uninstalled executables and libraries.
Integrating libtool with your package
5.1 Writing `Makefile' rules for libtool 5.2 Using Automake with libtool Automatically supporting libtool. 5.3 Configuring libtool Configuring libtool for a host system. 5.4 Including libtool in your package What files to distribute with your package. 5.5 Static-only libraries Sometimes shared libraries are just a pain.
Including libtool in your package
libtoolizecommand line options.
5.4.2 Autoconf `.o' macros Autoconf macros that set object file names.
Library interface versions
6.1 What are library interfaces? 6.2 Libtool's versioning system 6.3 Updating library version information Changing version information before releases. 6.4 Managing release information Breaking binary compatibility for aesthetics.
Tips for interface design
7.1 Writing C header files How to write portable include files.
9.1 Building modules to dlopen Creating dlopenable objects and libraries. 9.2 Dlpreopening Dlopening that works on static platforms. 9.3 Finding the correct name to dlopen Choosing the right file to
9.4 Unresolved dlopen issues Unresolved problems that need your attention.
10.1 How to use libltdl in your programs 10.2 Creating modules that can be
10.3 Using libtldl in a multi threaded environment Registering callbacks for multi-thread safety. 10.4 Data associated with loaded modules Associating data with loaded modules. 10.5 How to create and register new module loaders Creating user defined module loaders. 10.6 How to distribute libltdl with your package
Using libtool with other languages
11.1 Writing libraries for C++
12.1 The libtool test suite Libtool's self-tests. 12.2 Reporting bugs How to report problems with libtool.
The libtool test suite
12.1.1 Description of test suite The contents of the test suite. 12.1.2 When tests fail What to do when a test fails.
Maintenance notes for libtool
13.1 Porting libtool to new systems How to port libtool to new systems. 13.2 Tested platforms When libtool was last tested. 13.3 Platform quirks Information about different library systems. 13.4
Configuration information that libtool uses. 13.5 Cheap tricks Making libtool maintainership easier.
Porting libtool to new systems
13.1.1 Information sources Where to find relevant documentation 13.1.2 Porting inter-library dependencies support Implementation details explained
13.3.1 References Finding more information. 13.3.2 Compilers Creating object files from source files. 13.3.3 Reloadable objects Binding object files together. 13.3.4 Multiple dependencies Removing duplicate dependant libraries. 13.3.5 Archivers Programs that create static archives.
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