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Kawa, the Java-based Scheme system

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12.3 Installing Kawa programs as CGI scripts

The recommended way to have a web-server run a Kawa program as a CGI script is to compile the Kawa program to a servlet (as explained in 12.1 Writing web-server-side Kawa scripts, and then use Kawa's supplied CGI-to-servlet bridge.

First, compile your program to one or more class files as explain in 12.1 Writing web-server-side Kawa scripts. For example:
 
kawa --servlet --xquery -C hello.xql

Then copy the resulting .class files to your server's CGI directory. On Red Hat GNU/Linux, you can do the following (as root):
 
cp hello*.class /var/www/cgi-bin/

Next find the cgi-servlet program that Kawa builds and installs. If you installed Kawa in the default place, it will be in /usr/local/bin/cgi-servlet. (You'll have this if you installed Kawa from source, but not if you're just using Kawa .jar file.) Copy this program into the same CGI directory:
 
cp /usr/local/bin/cgi-servlet /var/www/cgi-bin/

You can link instead of copying:
 
ln -s /usr/local/bin/cgi-servlet /var/www/cgi-bin/
However, because of security issues this may not work, so it is safer to copy the file. However, if you already have a copy of cgi-servlet in the CGI-directory, it is safe to make a hard link instead of making an extra copy.

Make sure the files have the correct permissions:
 
chmod a+r /var/www/cgi-bin/hello*.class /var/www/cgi-bin/hello
chmod a+x /var/www/cgi-bin/hello

Now you should be able to run the Kawa program, using the URL http://localhost/cgi-bin/hello. It may take a few seconds to get the reply, mainly because of the start-up time of the Java VM. That is why servlets are preferred. Using the CGI interface can still be useful for testing or when you can't run servlets. We hope to soon be able to run Kawa CGI scripts compiled using GCJ, which should have much reduced start-up time, making Kawa servlets more practical.


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  Copyright 2003   by The Free Software Foundation     Updated Jun 2003