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When you issue an `ls -l' shell command on a file, it gives you information about the size of the file, who owns it, when it was last modified, etc. These are called the file attributes, and are associated with the file itself and not a particular one of its names.
This section contains information about how you can inquire about and modify the attributes of a file.
14.9.1 The meaning of the File Attributes The names of the file attributes, and what their values mean. 14.9.2 Reading the Attributes of a File How to read the attributes of a file. 14.9.3 Testing the Type of a File Distinguishing ordinary files, directories, links... 14.9.4 File Owner How ownership for new files is determined, and how to change it. 14.9.5 The Mode Bits for Access Permission How information about a file's access mode is stored. 14.9.6 How Your Access to a File is Decided How the system decides who can access a file. 14.9.7 Assigning File Permissions How permissions for new files are assigned, and how to change them. 14.9.8 Testing Permission to Access a File How to find out if your process can access a file. 14.9.9 File Times About the time attributes of a file. 14.9.10 File Size Manually changing the size of a file.
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