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Description

The winfo command is used to retrieve information about windows managed by Tk. It can take any of a number of different forms, depending on the option argument. The legal forms are:

winfo :atom name
Returns a decimal string giving the integer identifier for the atom whose name is name. If no atom exists with the name name then a new one is created.
winfo :atomname id
Returns the textual name for the atom whose integer identifier is id. This command is the inverse of the winfo :atom command. Generates an error if no such atom exists.
winfo :cells window
Returns a decimal string giving the number of cells in the color map for window.
winfo :children window
Returns a list containing the path names of all the children of window. Top-level windows are returned as children of their logical parents.
winfo :class window
Returns the class name for window.
winfo :containing rootX rootY
Returns the path name for the window containing the point given by rootX and rootY. RootX and rootY are specified in screen units (i.e. any form acceptable to Tk_GetPixels) in the coordinate system of the root window (if a virtual-root window manager is in use then the coordinate system of the virtual root window is used). If no window in this application contains the point then an empty string is returned. In selecting the containing window, children are given higher priority than parents and among siblings the highest one in the stacking order is chosen.
winfo :depth window
Returns a decimal string giving the depth of window (number of bits per pixel).
winfo :exists window
Returns 1 if there exists a window named window, 0 if no such window exists.
winfo :fpixels window number
Returns a floating-point value giving the number of pixels in window corresponding to the distance given by number. Number may be specified in any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetScreenMM, such as "2.0c" or "1i". The return value may be fractional; for an integer value, use winfo :pixels.
winfo :geometry window
Returns the geometry for window, in the form widthxheight+x+y. All dimensions are in pixels.
winfo :height window
Returns a decimal string giving window's height in pixels. When a window is first created its height will be 1 pixel; the height will eventually be changed by a geometry manager to fulfill the window's needs. If you need the true height immediately after creating a widget, invoke update to force the geometry manager to arrange it, or use winfo :reqheight to get the window's requested height instead of its actual height.
winfo :id window
Returns a hexadecimal string indicating the X identifier for window.
winfo :interps
Returns a list whose members are the names of all Tcl interpreters (e.g. all Tk-based applications) currently registered for the display of the invoking application.
winfo :ismapped window
Returns 1 if window is currently mapped, 0 otherwise.
winfo :name window
Returns window's name (i.e. its name within its parent, as opposed to its full path name). The command winfo :name . will return the name of the application.
winfo :parent window
Returns the path name of window's parent, or an empty string if window is the main window of the application.
winfo :pathname id
Returns the path name of the window whose X identifier is id. Id must be a decimal, hexadecimal, or octal integer and must correspond to a window in the invoking application.
winfo :pixels window number
Returns the number of pixels in window corresponding to the distance given by number. Number may be specified in any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels, such as "2.0c" or "1i". The result is rounded to the nearest integer value; for a fractional result, use winfo :fpixels.
winfo :reqheight window
Returns a decimal string giving window's requested height, in pixels. This is the value used by window's geometry manager to compute its geometry.
winfo :reqwidth window
Returns a decimal string giving window's requested width, in pixels. This is the value used by window's geometry manager to compute its geometry.
winfo :rgb window color
Returns a list containing three decimal values, which are the red, green, and blue intensities that correspond to color in the window given by window. Color may be specified in any of the forms acceptable for a color option.
winfo :rootx window
Returns a decimal string giving the x-coordinate, in the root window of the screen, of the upper-left corner of window's border (or window if it has no border).
winfo :rooty window
Returns a decimal string giving the y-coordinate, in the root window of the screen, of the upper-left corner of window's border (or window if it has no border).
winfo :screen window
Returns the name of the screen associated with window, in the form displayName.screenIndex.
winfo :screencells window
Returns a decimal string giving the number of cells in the default color map for window's screen.
winfo :screendepth window
Returns a decimal string giving the depth of the root window of window's screen (number of bits per pixel).
winfo :screenheight window
Returns a decimal string giving the height of window's screen, in pixels.
winfo :screenmmheight window
Returns a decimal string giving the height of window's screen, in millimeters.
winfo :screenmmwidth window
Returns a decimal string giving the width of window's screen, in millimeters.
winfo :screenvisual window
Returns one of the following strings to indicate the default visual type for window's screen: directcolor, grayscale, pseudocolor, staticcolor, staticgray, or truecolor.
winfo :screenwidth window
Returns a decimal string giving the width of window's screen, in pixels.
winfo :toplevel window
Returns the path name of the top-level window containing window.
winfo :visual window
Returns one of the following strings to indicate the visual type for window: directcolor, grayscale, pseudocolor, staticcolor, staticgray, or truecolor.
winfo :vrootheight window
Returns the height of the virtual root window associated with window if there is one; otherwise returns the height of window's screen.
winfo :vrootwidth window
Returns the width of the virtual root window associated with window if there is one; otherwise returns the width of window's screen.
winfo :vrootx window
Returns the x-offset of the virtual root window associated with window, relative to the root window of its screen. This is normally either zero or negative. Returns 0 if there is no virtual root window for window.
winfo :vrooty window
Returns the y-offset of the virtual root window associated with window, relative to the root window of its screen. This is normally either zero or negative. Returns 0 if there is no virtual root window for window.
winfo :width window
Returns a decimal string giving window's width in pixels. When a window is first created its width will be 1 pixel; the width will eventually be changed by a geometry manager to fulfill the window's needs. If you need the true width immediately after creating a widget, invoke update to force the geometry manager to arrange it, or use winfo :reqwidth to get the window's requested width instead of its actual width.
winfo :x window
Returns a decimal string giving the x-coordinate, in window's parent, of the upper-left corner of window's border (or window if it has no border).
winfo :y window
Returns a decimal string giving the y-coordinate, in window's parent, of the upper-left corner of window's border (or window if it has no border).


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