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Description

This manual entry describes the common configuration options supported by widgets in the Tk toolkit. Every widget does not necessarily support every option (see the manual entries for individual widgets for a list of the standard options supported by that widget), but if a widget does support an option with one of the names listed below, then the option has exactly the effect described below.

In the descriptions below, "Name" refers to the option's name in the option database (e.g. in .Xdefaults files). "Class" refers to the option's class value in the option database. "Command-Line Switch" refers to the switch used in widget-creation and configure widget commands to set this value. For example, if an option's command-line switch is :foreground and there exists a widget .a.b.c, then the command

 

(.a.b.c :configure :foreground "black")

may be used to specify the value black for the option in the the widget .a.b.c. Command-line switches may be abbreviated, as long as the abbreviation is unambiguous.

:activebackground
Name="activeBackground" Class="Foreground"

Specifies background color to use when drawing active elements. An element (a widget or portion of a widget) is active if the mouse cursor is positioned over the element and pressing a mouse button will cause some action to occur.

:activeborderwidth
Name="activeBorderWidth" Class="BorderWidth"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating the width of the 3-D border drawn around active elements. See above for definition of active elements. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. This option is typically only available in widgets displaying more than one element at a time (e.g. menus but not buttons).

:activeforeground
Name="activeForeground" Class="Background"

Specifies foreground color to use when drawing active elements. See above for definition of active elements.

:anchor
Name="anchor" Class="Anchor"

Specifies how the information in a widget (e.g. text or a bitmap) is to be displayed in the widget. Must be one of the values n, ne, e, se, s, sw, w, nw, or center. For example, nw means display the information such that its top-left corner is at the top-left corner of the widget.

:background or :bg
Name="background" Class="Background"

Specifies the normal background color to use when displaying the widget.

:bitmap
Name="bitmap" Class="Bitmap"

Specifies a bitmap to display in the widget, in any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetBitmap. The exact way in which the bitmap is displayed may be affected by other options such as anchor or justify. Typically, if this option is specified then it overrides other options that specify a textual value to display in the widget; the bitmap option may be reset to an empty string to re-enable a text display.

:borderwidth or :bd
Name="borderWidth" Class="BorderWidth"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating the width of the 3-D border to draw around the outside of the widget (if such a border is being drawn; the relief option typically determines this). The value may also be used when drawing 3-D effects in the interior of the widget. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels.

:cursor
Name="cursor" Class="Cursor"

Specifies the mouse cursor to be used for the widget. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetCursor.

:cursorbackground
Name="cursorBackground" Class="Foreground"

Specifies the color to use as background in the area covered by the insertion cursor. This color will normally override either the normal background for the widget (or the selection background if the insertion cursor happens to fall in the selection). \fIThis option is obsolete and is gradually being replaced by the insertBackground option.

:cursorborderwidth
Name="cursorBorderWidth" Class="BorderWidth"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating the width of the 3-D border to draw around the insertion cursor. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. \fIThis option is obsolete and is gradually being replaced by the insertBorderWidth option.

:cursorofftime
Name="cursorOffTime" Class="OffTime"

Specifies a non-negative integer value indicating the number of milliseconds the cursor should remain "off" in each blink cycle. If this option is zero then the cursor doesn't blink: it is on all the time. \fIThis option is obsolete and is gradually being replaced by the insertOffTime option.

:cursorontime
Name="cursorOnTime" Class="OnTime"

Specifies a non-negative integer value indicating the number of milliseconds the cursor should remain "on" in each blink cycle. \fIThis option is obsolete and is gradually being replaced by the insertOnTime option.

:cursorwidth
Name="cursorWidth" Class="CursorWidth"

Specifies a value indicating the total width of the insertion cursor. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. If a border has been specified for the cursor (using the cursorBorderWidth option), the border will be drawn inside the width specified by the cursorWidth option. \fIThis option is obsolete and is gradually being replaced by the insertWidth option.

:disabledforeground
Name="disabledForeground" Class="DisabledForeground"

Specifies foreground color to use when drawing a disabled element. If the option is specified as an empty string (which is typically the case on monochrome displays), disabled elements are drawn with the normal fooreground color but they are dimmed by drawing them with a stippled fill pattern.

:exportselection
Name="exportSelection" Class="ExportSelection"

Specifies whether or not a selection in the widget should also be the X selection. The value may have any of the forms accepted by Tcl_GetBoolean, such as true, false, 0, 1, yes, or no. If the selection is exported, then selecting in the widget deselects the current X selection, selecting outside the widget deselects any widget selection, and the widget will respond to selection retrieval requests when it has a selection. The default is usually for widgets to export selections.

:font
Name="font" Class="Font"

Specifies the font to use when drawing text inside the widget.

:foreground or :fg
Name="foreground" Class="Foreground"

Specifies the normal foreground color to use when displaying the widget.

:geometry
Name="geometry" Class="Geometry"

Specifies the desired geometry for the widget's window, in the form widthxheight, where width is the desired width of the window and height is the desired height. The units for width and height depend on the particular widget. For widgets displaying text the units are usually the size of the characters in the font being displayed; for other widgets the units are usually pixels.

:insertbackground
Name="insertBackground" Class="Foreground"

Specifies the color to use as background in the area covered by the insertion cursor. This color will normally override either the normal background for the widget (or the selection background if the insertion cursor happens to fall in the selection).

:insertborderwidth
Name="insertBorderWidth" Class="BorderWidth"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating the width of the 3-D border to draw around the insertion cursor. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels.

:insertofftime
Name="insertOffTime" Class="OffTime"

Specifies a non-negative integer value indicating the number of milliseconds the insertion cursor should remain "off" in each blink cycle. If this option is zero then the cursor doesn't blink: it is on all the time.

:insertontime
Name="insertOnTime" Class="OnTime"

Specifies a non-negative integer value indicating the number of milliseconds the insertion cursor should remain "on" in each blink cycle.

:insertwidth
Name="insertWidth" Class="InsertWidth"

Specifies a value indicating the total width of the insertion cursor. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. If a border has been specified for the insertion cursor (using the insertBorderWidth option), the border will be drawn inside the width specified by the insertWidth option.

:orient
Name="orient" Class="Orient"

For widgets that can lay themselves out with either a horizontal or vertical orientation, such as scrollbars, this option specifies which orientation should be used. Must be either horizontal or vertical or an abbreviation of one of these.

:padx
Name="padX" Class="Pad"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating how much extra space to request for the widget in the X-direction. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. When computing how large a window it needs, the widget will add this amount to the width it would normally need (as determined by the width of the things displayed in the widget); if the geometry manager can satisfy this request, the widget will end up with extra internal space to the left and/or right of what it displays inside.

:pady
Name="padY" Class="Pad"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating how much extra space to request for the widget in the Y-direction. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels. When computing how large a window it needs, the widget will add this amount to the height it would normally need (as determined by the height of the things displayed in the widget); if the geometry manager can satisfy this request, the widget will end up with extra internal space above and/or below what it displays inside.

:relief
Name="relief" Class="Relief"

Specifies the 3-D effect desired for the widget. Acceptable values are raised, sunken, flat, ridge, and groove. The value indicates how the interior of the widget should appear relative to its exterior; for example, raised means the interior of the widget should appear to protrude from the screen, relative to the exterior of the widget.

:repeatdelay
Name="repeatDelay" Class="RepeatDelay"

Specifies the number of milliseconds a button or key must be held down before it begins to auto-repeat. Used, for example, on the up- and down-arrows in scrollbars.

:repeatinterval
Name="repeatInterval" Class="RepeatInterval"

Used in conjunction with repeatDelay: once auto-repeat begins, this option determines the number of milliseconds between auto-repeats.

:scrollcommand
Name="scrollCommand" Class="ScrollCommand"

Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with scrollbar widgets. When the view in the widget's window changes (or whenever anything else occurs that could change the display in a scrollbar, such as a change in the total size of the widget's contents), the widget will generate a Tcl command by concatenating the scroll command and four numbers. The four numbers are, in order: the total size of the widget's contents, in unspecified units ("unit" is a widget-specific term; for widgets displaying text, the unit is a line); the maximum number of units that may be displayed at once in the widget's window, given its current size; the index of the top-most or left-most unit currently visible in the window (index 0 corresponds to the first unit); and the index of the bottom-most or right-most unit currently visible in the window. This command is then passed to the Tcl interpreter for execution. Typically the scrollCommand option consists of the path name of a scrollbar widget followed by "set", e.g. ".x.scrollbar set": this will cause the scrollbar to be updated whenever the view in the window changes. If this option is not specified, then no command will be executed.

The scrollCommand option is used for widgets that support scrolling in only one direction. For widgets that support scrolling in both directions, this option is replaced with the xScrollCommand and yScrollCommand options.

:selectbackground
Name="selectBackground" Class="Foreground"

Specifies the background color to use when displaying selected items.

:selectborderwidth
Name="selectBorderWidth" Class="BorderWidth"

Specifies a non-negative value indicating the width of the 3-D border to draw around selected items. The value may have any of the forms acceptable to Tk_GetPixels.

:selectforeground
Name="selectForeground" Class="Background"

Specifies the foreground color to use when displaying selected items.

:setgrid
Name="setGrid" Class="SetGrid"

Specifies a boolean value that determines whether this widget controls the resizing grid for its top-level window. This option is typically used in text widgets, where the information in the widget has a natural size (the size of a character) and it makes sense for the window's dimensions to be integral numbers of these units. These natural window sizes form a grid. If the setGrid option is set to true then the widget will communicate with the window manager so that when the user interactively resizes the top-level window that contains the widget, the dimensions of the window will be displayed to the user in grid units and the window size will be constrained to integral numbers of grid units. See the section GRIDDED GEOMETRY MANAGEMENT in the wm manual entry for more details.

:text
Name="text" Class="Text"

Specifies a string to be displayed inside the widget. The way in which the string is displayed depends on the particular widget and may be determined by other options, such as anchor or justify.

:textvariable
Name="textVariable" Class="Variable"

Specifies the name of a variable. The value of the variable is a text string to be displayed inside the widget; if the variable value changes then the widget will automatically update itself to reflect the new value. The way in which the string is displayed in the widget depends on the particular widget and may be determined by other options, such as anchor or justify.

:underline
Name="underline" Class="Underline"

Specifies the integer index of a character to underline in the widget. This option is typically used to indicate keyboard traversal characters in menu buttons and menu entries. 0 corresponds to the first character of the text displayed in the widget, 1 to the next character, and so on.

:xscrollcommand
Name="xScrollCommand" Class="ScrollCommand"

Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with horizontal scrollbars. This option is treated in the same way as the scrollCommand option, except that it is used for horizontal scrollbars associated with widgets that support both horizontal and vertical scrolling. See the description of scrollCommand for complete details on how this option is used.

:yscrollcommand
Name="yScrollCommand" Class="ScrollCommand"

Specifies the prefix for a command used to communicate with vertical scrollbars. This option is treated in the same way as the scrollCommand option, except that it is used for vertical scrollbars associated with widgets that support both horizontal and vertical scrolling. See the description of scrollCommand for complete details on how this option is used.


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