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The GNU Awk User's Guide

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2.1.4 Executable awk Programs

Once you have learned awk, you may want to write self-contained awk scripts, using the `#!' script mechanism. You can do this on many Unix systems(7) as well as on the GNU system. For example, you could update the file `advice' to look like this:

 
#! /bin/awk -f

BEGIN { print "Don't Panic!" }

After making this file executable (with the chmod utility), simply type `advice' at the shell and the system arranges to run awk(8) as if you had typed `awk -f advice':

 
$ chmod +x advice
$ advice
-| Don't Panic!

Self-contained awk scripts are useful when you want to write a program that users can invoke without their having to know that the program is written in awk.

Advanced Notes: Portability Issues with `#!'

Some systems limit the length of the interpreter name to 32 characters. Often, this can be dealt with by using a symbolic link.

You should not put more than one argument on the `#!' line after the path to awk. It does not work. The operating system treats the rest of the line as a single argument and passes it to awk. Doing this leads to confusing behavior--most likely a usage diagnostic of some sort from awk.

Finally, the value of ARGV[0] (see section 7.5 Built-in Variables) varies depending upon your operating system. Some systems put `awk' there, some put the full pathname of awk (such as `/bin/awk'), and some put the name of your script (`advice'). Don't rely on the value of ARGV[0] to provide your script name.


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