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ls: List directory contents
ls program lists information about files (of any type,
including directories). Options and file arguments can be intermixed
arbitrarily, as usual.
For non-option command-line arguments that are directories, by default
ls lists the contents of directories, not recursively, and
omitting files with names beginning with `.'. For other non-option
arguments, by default
ls lists just the file name. If no
non-option arguments are specified,
ls lists the contents of the
By default, the output is sorted alphabetically. If standard output is a terminal, the output is in columns (sorted vertically) and control characters are output as question marks; otherwise, the output is listed one per line and control characters are output as-is.
ls is such a fundamental program, it has accumulated many
options over the years. They are described in the subsections below;
within each section, options are listed alphabetically (ignoring case).
The division of options into the subsections is not absolute, since some
options affect more than one aspect of
The `-g' option is accepted but ignored, for compatibility with Unix. Also see 2. Common options.
5.1.1 Which files are listed 5.1.2 What information is listed 5.1.3 Sorting the output 5.1.4 More details about version sort 5.1.5 General output formatting 5.1.6 Formatting the file names
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