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GNU Emacs Manual

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Footnotes

(1)

On terminals that support Latin-1 characters, the character shown after `Char:' is displayed as the actual glyph of A with grave accent.

(2)

Some systems use Mouse-3 for a mode-specific menu. We took a survey of users, and found they preferred to keep Mouse-3 for selecting and killing regions. Hence the decision to use C-Mouse-3 for this menu.

(3)

Placing it at the left is usually more useful with overlapping frames with text starting at the left margin.

(4)

If you run Emacs on X, you need to inform the X server about the location of the newly installed fonts with the following commands:

 
 xset fp+ /usr/local/share/emacs/fonts
 xset fp rehash

(5)

If more than one of these is set, the first one that is nonempty specifies your locale for this purpose.

(6)

It is also specified for MIME `text/*' bodies and in other network transport contexts. It is different from the SGML reference syntax record-start/record-end format which Emacs doesn't support directly.

(7)

The Emacs installation instructions have information on additional font support.

(8)

SliTeX is obsoleted by the `slides' document class in recent LaTeX versions.

(9)

The word "sexp" is used to refer to an expression in Lisp.

(10)

On some systems, the man program accepts a `-a' command-line option which tells it to display all the man pages for the specified topic. If you want this behavior, you can add this option to the value of the variable Man-switches.

(11)

The name of the command, woman, is an acronym for "w/o (without) man," since it doesn't use the man program.

(12)

Under a window system the arrow is displayed in the marginal area of the Emacs window.

(13)

The US National Security Agency.

(14)

You should not suspend the shell process. Suspending a subjob of the shell is a completely different matter--that is normal practice, but you must use the shell to continue the subjob; this command won't do it.

(15)

This dissociword actually appeared during the Vietnam War, when it was very appropriate.

(16)

Note that you should avoid the string syntax for binding 8-bit characters, since they will be interpreted as meta keys. See section `Strings of Events' in The Emacs Lisp Reference Manual.

(17)

Here and below, whenever we say "colon-separated list of directories", it pertains to Unix and GNU/Linux systems. On MS-DOS and MS-Windows, the directories are separated by semi-colons instead, since DOS/Windows file names might include a colon after a drive letter.

(18)

Note that the `net use' command requires the UNC share name to be typed with the Windows-style backslashes, while the value of printer-name can be set with either forward- or backslashes.

(19)

Normally, one particular codepage is burnt into the display memory, while other codepages can be installed by modifying system configuration files, such as `CONFIG.SYS', and rebooting. While third-party software is known to exist that allows to change the codepage without rebooting, we describe here how a stock MS-DOS system behaves.

(20)

The standard Emacs coding systems for ISO 8859 are not quite right for the purpose, because typically the DOS codepage does not match the standard ISO character codes. For example, the letter `ç' (`c' with cedilla) has code 231 in the standard Latin-1 character set, but the corresponding DOS codepage 850 uses code 135 for this glyph.

(21)

The wording here was careless. The intention was that nobody would have to pay for permission to use the GNU system. But the words don't make this clear, and people often interpret them as saying that copies of GNU should always be distributed at little or no charge. That was never the intent; later on, the manifesto mentions the possibility of companies providing the service of distribution for a profit. Subsequently I have learned to distinguish carefully between "free" in the sense of freedom and "free" in the sense of price. Free software is software that users have the freedom to distribute and change. Some users may obtain copies at no charge, while others pay to obtain copies--and if the funds help support improving the software, so much the better. The important thing is that everyone who has a copy has the freedom to cooperate with others in using it.

(22)

This is another place I failed to distinguish carefully between the two different meanings of "free." The statement as it stands is not false--you can get copies of GNU software at no charge, from your friends or over the net. But it does suggest the wrong idea.

(23)

Several such companies now exist.

(24)

The Free Software Foundation raises most of its funds from a distribution service, although it is a charity rather than a company. If no one chooses to obtain copies by ordering from the FSF, it will be unable to do its work. But this does not mean that proprietary restrictions are justified to force every user to pay. If a small fraction of all the users order copies from the FSF, that is sufficient to keep the FSF afloat. So we ask users to choose to support us in this way. Have you done your part?

(25)

A group of computer companies recently pooled funds to support maintenance of the GNU C Compiler.

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