Buy the book!
|[ < ]||[ > ]||[ << ]||[ Up ]||[ >> ]||[Top]||[Contents]||[Index]||[ ? ]|
You can define an inline function by using
defun. An inline function works just like an ordinary
function except for one thing: when you compile a call to the function,
the function's definition is open-coded into the caller.
Making a function inline makes explicit calls run faster. But it also has disadvantages. For one thing, it reduces flexibility; if you change the definition of the function, calls already inlined still use the old definition until you recompile them. Since the flexibility of redefining functions is an important feature of Emacs, you should not make a function inline unless its speed is really crucial.
Another disadvantage is that making a large function inline can increase the size of compiled code both in files and in memory. Since the speed advantage of inline functions is greatest for small functions, you generally should not make large functions inline.
It's possible to define a macro to expand into the same code that an
inline function would execute. (See section 13. Macros.) But the macro would be
limited to direct use in expressions--a macro cannot be called with
mapcar and so on. Also, it takes some work to
convert an ordinary function into a macro. To convert it into an inline
function is very easy; simply replace
Since each argument of an inline function is evaluated exactly once, you
needn't worry about how many times the body uses the arguments, as you
do for macros. (See section 13.6.2 Evaluating Macro Arguments Repeatedly.)
Inline functions can be used and open-coded later on in the same file, following the definition, just like macros.
|webmaster donations bookstore||delorie software privacy|
|Copyright © 2003 by The Free Software Foundation||Updated Jun 2003|