diction - print wordy and commonly misused phrases in sentences
Diction finds all sentences in a document, that contain phrases
from a database of frequently misused, bad or wordy diction. It further
checks for double words. If no files are given, the document is read
from standard input. Each found phrase is enclosed in [ ]
(brackets). Suggestions and advice, if any, are printed headed by a
right arrow ->.
A sentence is a sequence of words, that starts with a capitalised word and
ends with a full stop, double colon, question mark or exclaimation mark.
A single letter followed by a dot is considered an abbreviation, so it
does not terminate a sentence. Various multi-letter abbreviations are
recognized, they do not terminate a sentence as well.
Diction understands cpp(1) #line lines for being able to
give precise locations when printing sentences.
- -f file, --file file
- Read the user specified database from the specified file in addition
to the default database.
- -n, --no-default-file
- Do not read the default database, so only the user-specified database is used.
- -L language, --language language
- Set the phrase file language.
- -h, --help
- Print a short usage message.
- Print the version.
On usage errors, 1 is returned. Termination caused by lack of memory is
signalled by exit code 2.
- specifies the message language and is also used as default for the
phrase language. The default language is en.
@DATADIR@/diction/* databases for various languages
This program is GNU software, copyright 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
2002 Michael Haardt <email@example.com>.
The english phrase file contains contributions by Greg Lindahl
<firstname.lastname@example.org>, Wil Baden, Gary D. Kline, Kimberly Hanks and
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
with this program. If not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307, USA.
There has been a diction command on old UNIX systems, which is now part
of the AT&T DWB package. The original version was bound to roff by
enforcing a call to deroff.
deroff(1), fmt(1), style(1)
Cherry, L.L.; Vesterman, W.: Writing Tools The STYLE and DICTION
programs, Computer Science Technical Report 91, Bell Laboratories,
Murray Hill, N.J. (1981), republished as part of the 4.4BSD User's
Supplementary Documents by O'Reilly.
Strunk, William: The elements of style, Ithaca, N.Y.: Priv. print., 1918,