CVS--Concurrent Versions System v22.214.171.124
F.1 Partial list of error messages
Here is a partial list of error messages that you may
see from CVS. It is not a complete list---CVS
is capable of printing many, many error messages, often
with parts of them supplied by the operating system,
but the intention is to list the common and/or
potentially confusing error messages.
The messages are alphabetical, but introductory text
such as `cvs update: ' is not considered in
In some cases the list includes messages printed by old
versions of CVS (partly because users may not be
sure which version of CVS they are using at any
file:line: Assertion 'text' failed
- The exact format of this message may vary depending on
your system. It indicates a bug in CVS, which can
be handled as described in H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual.
cvs command: authorization failed: server host rejected access
- This is a generic response when trying to connect to a
pserver server which chooses not to provide a
specific reason for denying authorization. Check that
the username and password specified are correct and
CVSROOT specified is allowed by `--allow-root'
in `inetd.conf'. See 2.9.3 Direct connection with password authentication.
cvs command: conflict: removed file was modified by second party
- This message indicates that you removed a file, and
someone else modified it. To resolve the conflict,
first run `cvs add file'. If desired, look
at the other party's modification to decide whether you
still want to remove it. If you don't want to remove
it, stop here. If you do want to remove it, proceed
with `cvs remove file' and commit your
cannot change permissions on temporary directory
- This message has been happening in a non-reproducible,
occasional way when we run the client/server testsuite,
both on Red Hat Linux 3.0.3 and 4.1. We haven't been
able to figure out what causes it, nor is it known
whether it is specific to linux (or even to this
particular machine!). If the problem does occur on
other unices, `Operation not permitted' would be
likely to read `Not owner' or whatever the system
in question uses for the unix
EPERM error. If
you have any information to add, please let us know as
described in H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual. If you experience this error
while using CVS, retrying the operation which
produced it should work fine.
cvs [server aborted]: Cannot check out files into the repository itself
- The obvious cause for this message (especially for
non-client/server CVS) is that the CVS root
is, for example, `/usr/local/cvsroot' and you try
to check out files when you are in a subdirectory, such
as `/usr/local/cvsroot/test'. However, there is a
more subtle cause, which is that the temporary
directory on the server is set to a subdirectory of the
root (which is also not allowed). If this is the
problem, set the temporary directory to somewhere else,
for example `/var/tmp'; see
D. All environment variables which affect CVS, for how to set the
cannot commit files as 'root'
- See `'root' is not allowed to commit files'.
cannot open CVS/Entries for reading: No such file or directory
- This generally indicates a CVS internal error, and
can be handled as with other CVS bugs
(see section H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual). Usually there is a workaround--the
exact nature of which would depend on the situation but
which hopefully could be figured out.
cvs [init aborted]: cannot open CVS/Root: No such file or directory
- This message is harmless. Provided it is not
accompanied by other errors, the operation has
completed successfully. This message should not occur
with current versions of CVS, but it is documented
here for the benefit of CVS 1.9 and older.
cvs server: cannot open /root/.cvsignore: Permission denied
cvs [server aborted]: can't chdir(/root): Permission denied
- See F.2 Trouble making a connection to a CVS server.
cvs [checkout aborted]: cannot rename file file to CVS/,,file: Invalid argument
- This message has been reported as intermittently
happening with CVS 1.9 on Solaris 2.5. The cause is
unknown; if you know more about what causes it, let us
know as described in H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual.
cvs [command aborted]: cannot start server via rcmd
- This, unfortunately, is a rather nonspecific error
message which CVS 1.9 will print if you are
running the CVS client and it is having trouble
connecting to the server. Current versions of CVS
should print a much more specific error message. If
you get this message when you didn't mean to run the
client at all, you probably forgot to specify
:local:, as described in 2. The Repository.
ci: file,v: bad diff output line: Binary files - and /tmp/T2a22651 differ
- CVS 1.9 and older will print this message
when trying to check in a binary file if
RCS is not correctly installed. Re-read the
instructions that came with your RCS distribution
and the INSTALL file in the CVS
distribution. Alternately, upgrade to a current
version of CVS, which checks in files itself
rather than via RCS.
cvs checkout: could not check out file
- With CVS 1.9, this can mean that the
(part of RCS) returned a failure. It should be
preceded by another error message, however it has been
observed without another error message and the cause is
not well-understood. With the current version of CVS,
which does not run
co, if this message occurs
without another error message, it is definitely a CVS
bug (see section H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual).
cvs [login aborted]: could not find out home directory
- This means that you need to set the environment
variables that CVS uses to locate your home directory.
See the discussion of
D. All environment variables which affect CVS.
cvs update: could not merge revision rev of file: No such file or directory
- CVS 1.9 and older will print this message if there was
a problem finding the
rcsmerge program. Make
sure that it is in your
PATH, or upgrade to a
current version of CVS, which does not require
cvs [update aborted]: could not patch file: No such file or directory
- This means that there was a problem finding the
patch program. Make sure that it is in your
PATH. Note that despite appearances the message
is not referring to whether it can find file.
If both the client and the server are running a current
version of CVS, then there is no need for an
external patch program and you should not see this
message. But if either client or server is running
CVS 1.9, then you need
cvs update: could not patch file; will refetch
- This means that for whatever reason the client was
unable to apply a patch that the server sent. The
message is nothing to be concerned about, because
inability to apply the patch only slows things down and
has no effect on what CVS does.
dying gasps from server unexpected
- There is a known bug in the server for CVS 1.9.18
and older which can cause this. For me, this was
reproducible if I used the `-t' global option. It
was fixed by Andy Piper's 14 Nov 1997 change to
src/filesubr.c, if anyone is curious.
If you see the message,
you probably can just retry the operation which failed,
or if you have discovered information concerning its
cause, please let us know as described in H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual.
end of file from server (consult above messages if any)
- The most common cause for this message is if you are
using an external
rsh program and it exited with
an error. In this case the
rsh program should
have printed a message, which will appear before the
above message. For more information on setting up a
CVS client and server, see 2.9 Remote repositories.
cvs [update aborted]: EOF in key in RCS file file,v
cvs [checkout aborted]: EOF while looking for end of string in RCS file file,v
- This means that there is a syntax error in the given
RCS file. Note that this might be true even if RCS can
read the file OK; CVS does more error checking of
errors in the RCS file. That is why you may see this
message when upgrading from CVS 1.9 to CVS
1.10. The likely cause for the original corruption is
hardware, the operating system, or the like. Of
course, if you find a case in which CVS seems to
corrupting the file, by all means report it,
(see section H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual).
There are quite a few variations of this error message,
depending on exactly where in the RCS file CVS
finds the syntax error.
cvs commit: Executing 'mkmodules'
- This means that your repository is set up for a version
of CVS prior to CVS 1.8. When using CVS
1.8 or later, the above message will be preceded by
cvs commit: Rebuilding administrative file database
If you see both messages, the database is being rebuilt
twice, which is unnecessary but harmless. If you wish
to avoid the duplication, and you have no versions of
CVS 1.7 or earlier in use, remove
every place it appears in your
file. For more information on the
see C.1 The modules file.
- Typically this can happen if you created an RCS file
with your username set to empty. CVS will, bogusly,
create an illegal RCS file with no value for the author
field. The solution is to make sure your username is
set to a non-empty value and re-create the RCS file.
cvs [checkout aborted]: no such tag tag
- This message means that CVS isn't familiar with
the tag tag. Usually this means that you have
mistyped a tag name; however there are (relatively
obscure) cases in which CVS will require you to
try a few other CVS commands involving that tag,
before you find one which will cause CVS to update
the `val-tags' file; see discussion of val-tags in
2.2.2 File permissions. You only need to worry about
this once for a given tag; when a tag is listed in
`val-tags', it stays there. Note that using
`-f' to not require tag matches does not override
this check; see A.5 Common command options.
*PANIC* administration files missing
- This typically means that there is a directory named
CVS but it does not contain the administrative files
which CVS puts in a CVS directory. If the problem is
that you created a CVS directory via some mechanism
other than CVS, then the answer is simple, use a name
other than CVS. If not, it indicates a CVS bug
(see section H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual).
rcs error: Unknown option: -x,v/
- This message will be followed by a usage message for
RCS. It means that you have an old version of
RCS (probably supplied with your operating
system), as well as an old version of CVS.
CVS 1.9.18 and earlier only work with RCS version 5 and
later; current versions of CVS do not run RCS programs.
cvs [server aborted]: received broken pipe signal
- This message seems to be caused by a hard-to-track-down
bug in CVS or the systems it runs on (we don't
know--we haven't tracked it down yet!). It seems to
happen only after a CVS command has completed, and
you should be able to just ignore the message.
However, if you have discovered information concerning its
cause, please let us know as described in H. Dealing with bugs in CVS or this manual.
'root' is not allowed to commit files
- When committing a permanent change, CVS makes a log entry of
who committed the change. If you are committing the change logged
in as "root" (not under "su" or other root-priv giving program),
CVS cannot determine who is actually making the change.
As such, by default, CVS disallows changes to be committed by users
logged in as "root". (You can disable this option by commenting out
the definition of
CVS_BADROOT in `options.h' before
Too many arguments!
- This message is typically printed by the `log.pl'
script which is in the `contrib' directory in the
CVS source distribution. In some versions of
CVS, `log.pl' has been part of the default
CVS installation. The `log.pl' script gets
called from the `loginfo' administrative file.
Check that the arguments passed in `loginfo' match
what your version of `log.pl' expects. In
particular, the `log.pl' from CVS 1.3 and
older expects the logfile as an argument whereas the
`log.pl' from CVS 1.5 and newer expects the
logfile to be specified with a `-f' option. Of
course, if you don't need `log.pl' you can just
comment it out of `loginfo'.
cvs [update aborted]: unexpected EOF reading file,v
- See `EOF in key in RCS file'.
cvs [login aborted]: unrecognized auth response from server
- This message typically means that the server is not set
up properly. For example, if `inetd.conf' points
to a nonexistent cvs executable. To debug it further,
find the log file which inetd writes
(`/var/log/messages' or whatever inetd uses on
your system). For details, see F.2 Trouble making a connection to a CVS server, and
126.96.36.199 Setting up the server for password authentication.
cvs commit: Up-to-date check failed for `file'
- This means that someone else has committed a change to
that file since the last time that you did a
update. So before proceeding with your
commit you need to
cvs update. CVS will merge
the changes that you made and the changes that the
other person made. If it does not detect any conflicts
it will report `M file' and you are ready
cvs commit. If it detects conflicts it will
print a message saying so, will report `C file',
and you need to manually resolve the
conflict. For more details on this process see
10.3 Conflicts example.
Usage: diff3 [-exEX3 [-i | -m] [-L label1 -L label3]] file1 file2 file3
This indicates a problem with the installation of
Only one of [exEX3] allowed
rcsmerge was compiled to look for GNU diff3, but
it is finding unix diff3 instead. The exact text of
the message will vary depending on the system. The
simplest solution is to upgrade to a current version of
CVS, which does not rely on external
warning: unrecognized response `text' from cvs server
- If text contains a valid response (such as
`ok') followed by an extra carriage return
character (on many systems this will cause the second
part of the message to overwrite the first part), then
it probably means that you are using the `:ext:'
access method with a version of rsh, such as most
non-unix rsh versions, which does not by default
provide a transparent data stream. In such cases you
probably want to try `:server:' instead of
`:ext:'. If text is something else, this
may signify a problem with your CVS server.
Double-check your installation against the instructions
for setting up the CVS server.
cvs commit: [time] waiting for user's lock in directory
- This is a normal message, not an error. See
10.5 Several developers simultaneously attempting to run CVS, for more details.
cvs commit: warning: editor session failed
This means that the editor which CVS is using exits with a nonzero
exit status. Some versions of vi will do this even when there was not
a problem editing the file. If so, point the
CVSEDITOR environment variable to a small script