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CVS--Concurrent Versions System v1.11.1.1

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B. Quick reference to CVS commands

This appendix describes how to invoke CVS, with references to where each command or feature is described in detail. For other references run the cvs --help command, or see Index.

A CVS command looks like:

 
cvs [ global_options ] command [ command_options ] [ command_args ]

Global options:

--allow-root=rootdir
Specify legal CVSROOT directory (server only) (not in CVS 1.9 and older). See 2.9.3.1 Setting up the server for password authentication.

-a
Authenticate all communication (client only) (not in CVS 1.9 and older). See A.4 Global options.

-b
Specify RCS location (CVS 1.9 and older). See A.4 Global options.

-d root
Specify the CVSROOT. See 2. The Repository.

-e editor
Edit messages with editor. See 1.3.2 Committing your changes.

-f
Do not read the `~/.cvsrc' file. See A.4 Global options.

-H
--help
Print a help message. See A.4 Global options.

-l
Do not log in `$CVSROOT/CVSROOT/history' file. See A.4 Global options.

-n
Do not change any files. See A.4 Global options.

-Q
Be really quiet. See A.4 Global options.

-q
Be somewhat quiet. See A.4 Global options.

-r
Make new working files read-only. See A.4 Global options.

-s variable=value
Set a user variable. See C.8 Expansions in administrative files.

-T tempdir
Put temporary files in tempdir. See A.4 Global options.

-t
Trace CVS execution. See A.4 Global options.

-v
--version
Display version and copyright information for CVS.

-w
Make new working files read-write. See A.4 Global options.

-x
Encrypt all communication (client only). See A.4 Global options.

-z gzip-level
Set the compression level (client only). See A.4 Global options.

Keyword expansion modes (see section 12.4 Substitution modes):

 
-kkv  $Id: file1,v 1.1 1993/12/09 03:21:13 joe Exp $
-kkvl $Id: file1,v 1.1 1993/12/09 03:21:13 joe Exp harry $
-kk   $Id$
-kv   file1,v 1.1 1993/12/09 03:21:13 joe Exp
-ko   no expansion
-kb   no expansion, file is binary

Keywords (see section 12.1 Keyword List):

 
$Author: joe $
$Date: 1993/12/09 03:21:13 $
$Header: /home/files/file1,v 1.1 1993/12/09 03:21:13 joe Exp harry $
$Id: file1,v 1.1 1993/12/09 03:21:13 joe Exp harry $
$Locker: harry $
$Name: snapshot_1_14 $
$RCSfile: file1,v $
$Revision: 1.1 $
$Source: /home/files/file1,v $
$State: Exp $
$Log: file1,v $
Revision 1.1  1993/12/09 03:30:17  joe
Initial revision

Commands, command options, and command arguments:

add [options] [files...]
Add a new file/directory. See 7.1 Adding files to a directory.

-k kflag
Set keyword expansion.

-m msg
Set file description.

admin [options] [files...]
Administration of history files in the repository. See A.6 admin--Administration.

-b[rev]
Set default branch. See 13.3 Reverting to the latest vendor release.

-cstring
Set comment leader.

-ksubst
Set keyword substitution. See 12. Keyword substitution.

-l[rev]
Lock revision rev, or latest revision.

-mrev:msg
Replace the log message of revision rev with msg.

-orange
Delete revisions from the repository. See A.6.1 admin options.

-q
Run quietly; do not print diagnostics.

-sstate[:rev]
Set the state.

-t
Set file description from standard input.

-tfile
Set file description from file.

-t-string
Set file description to string.

-u[rev]
Unlock revision rev, or latest revision.

annotate [options] [files...]
Show last revision where each line was modified. See 8.4 Annotate command.

-D date
Annotate the most recent revision no later than date. See A.5 Common command options.

-F
Force annotation of binary files. (Without this option, binary files are skipped with a message.)

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r tag
Annotate revision tag. See A.5 Common command options.

checkout [options] modules...
Get a copy of the sources. See A.7 checkout--Check out sources for editing.

-A
Reset any sticky tags/date/options. See 4.9 Sticky tags and 12. Keyword substitution.

-c
Output the module database. See A.7.1 checkout options.

-D date
Check out revisions as of date (is sticky). See A.5 Common command options.

-d dir
Check out into dir. See A.7.1 checkout options.

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-j rev
Merge in changes. See A.7.1 checkout options.

-k kflag
Use kflag keyword expansion. See 12.4 Substitution modes.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-N
Don't "shorten" module paths if -d specified. See A.7.1 checkout options.

-n
Do not run module program (if any). See A.7.1 checkout options.

-P
Prune empty directories. See 7.5 Moving and renaming directories.

-p
Check out files to standard output (avoids stickiness). See A.7.1 checkout options.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r tag
Checkout revision tag (is sticky). See A.5 Common command options.

-s
Like -c, but include module status. See A.7.1 checkout options.

commit [options] [files...]
Check changes into the repository. See A.8 commit--Check files into the repository.

-F file
Read log message from file. See A.8.1 commit options.

-f
Force the file to be committed; disables recursion. See A.8.1 commit options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-m msg
Use msg as log message. See A.8.1 commit options.

-n
Do not run module program (if any). See A.8.1 commit options.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r rev
Commit to rev. See A.8.1 commit options.

diff [options] [files...]
Show differences between revisions. See A.9 diff--Show differences between revisions. In addition to the options shown below, accepts a wide variety of options to control output style, for example `-c' for context diffs.

-D date1
Diff revision for date against working file. See A.9.1 diff options.

-D date2
Diff rev1/date1 against date2. See A.9.1 diff options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-N
Include diffs for added and removed files. See A.9.1 diff options.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r rev1
Diff revision for rev1 against working file. See A.9.1 diff options.

-r rev2
Diff rev1/date1 against rev2. See A.9.1 diff options.

edit [options] [files...]
Get ready to edit a watched file. See 10.6.3 How to edit a file which is being watched.

-a actions
Specify actions for temporary watch, where actions is edit, unedit, commit, all, or none. See 10.6.3 How to edit a file which is being watched.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

editors [options] [files...]
See who is editing a watched file. See 10.6.4 Information about who is watching and editing.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

export [options] modules...
Export files from CVS. See A.10 export--Export sources from CVS, similar to checkout.

-D date
Check out revisions as of date. See A.5 Common command options.

-d dir
Check out into dir. See A.10.1 export options.

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-k kflag
Use kflag keyword expansion. See 12.4 Substitution modes.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-N
Don't "shorten" module paths if -d specified. See A.10.1 export options.

-n
Do not run module program (if any). See A.10.1 export options.

-P
Prune empty directories. See 7.5 Moving and renaming directories.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r tag
Checkout revision tag. See A.5 Common command options.

history [options] [files...]
Show repository access history. See A.11 history--Show status of files and users.

-a
All users (default is self). See A.11.1 history options.

-b str
Back to record with str in module/file/repos field. See A.11.1 history options.

-c
Report on committed (modified) files. See A.11.1 history options.

-D date
Since date. See A.11.1 history options.

-e
Report on all record types. See A.11.1 history options.

-l
Last modified (committed or modified report). See A.11.1 history options.

-m module
Report on module (repeatable). See A.11.1 history options.

-n module
In module. See A.11.1 history options.

-o
Report on checked out modules. See A.11.1 history options.

-p repository
In repository. See A.11.1 history options.

-r rev
Since revision rev. See A.11.1 history options.

-T
Produce report on all TAGs. See A.11.1 history options.

-t tag
Since tag record placed in history file (by anyone). See A.11.1 history options.

-u user
For user user (repeatable). See A.11.1 history options.

-w
Working directory must match. See A.11.1 history options.

-x types
Report on types, one or more of TOEFWUCGMAR. See A.11.1 history options.

-z zone
Output for time zone zone. See A.11.1 history options.

import [options] repository vendor-tag release-tags...
Import files into CVS, using vendor branches. See A.12 import--Import sources into CVS, using vendor branches.

-b bra
Import to vendor branch bra. See 13.6 Multiple vendor branches.

-d
Use the file's modification time as the time of import. See A.12.1 import options.

-k kflag
Set default keyword substitution mode. See A.12.1 import options.

-m msg
Use msg for log message. See A.12.1 import options.

-I ign
More files to ignore (! to reset). See A.12.1 import options.

-W spec
More wrappers. See A.12.1 import options.

init
Create a CVS repository if it doesn't exist. See 2.6 Creating a repository.

kserver
Kerberos authenticated server. See 2.9.5 Direct connection with kerberos.

log [options] [files...]
Print out history information for files. See A.13 log--Print out log information for files.

-b
Only list revisions on the default branch. See A.13.1 log options.

-d dates
Specify dates (d1<d2 for range, d for latest before). See A.13.1 log options.

-h
Only print header. See A.13.1 log options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-N
Do not list tags. See A.13.1 log options.

-R
Only print name of RCS file. See A.13.1 log options.

-rrevs
Only list revisions revs. See A.13.1 log options.

-s states
Only list revisions with specified states. See A.13.1 log options.

-t
Only print header and descriptive text. See A.13.1 log options.

-wlogins
Only list revisions checked in by specified logins. See A.13.1 log options.

login
Prompt for password for authenticating server. See 2.9.3.2 Using the client with password authentication.

logout
Remove stored password for authenticating server. See 2.9.3.2 Using the client with password authentication.

pserver
Password authenticated server. See 2.9.3.1 Setting up the server for password authentication.

rannotate [options] [modules...]
Show last revision where each line was modified. See 8.4 Annotate command.

-D date
Annotate the most recent revision no later than date. See A.5 Common command options.

-F
Force annotation of binary files. (Without this option, binary files are skipped with a message.)

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r tag
Annotate revision tag. See A.5 Common command options.

rdiff [options] modules...
Show differences between releases. See A.14 rdiff---'patch' format diffs between releases.

-c
Context diff output format (default). See A.14.1 rdiff options.

-D date
Select revisions based on date. See A.5 Common command options.

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r rev
Select revisions based on rev. See A.5 Common command options.

-s
Short patch - one liner per file. See A.14.1 rdiff options.

-t
Top two diffs - last change made to the file. See A.9.1 diff options.

-u
Unidiff output format. See A.14.1 rdiff options.

-V vers
Use RCS Version vers for keyword expansion (obsolete). See A.14.1 rdiff options.

release [options] directory
Indicate that a directory is no longer in use. See A.15 release--Indicate that a Module is no longer in use.

-d
Delete the given directory. See A.15.1 release options.

remove [options] [files...]
Remove an entry from the repository. See 7.2 Removing files.

-f
Delete the file before removing it. See 7.2 Removing files.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

rlog [options] [files...]
Print out history information for modules. See A.13 log--Print out log information for files.

-b
Only list revisions on the default branch. See A.13.1 log options.

-d dates
Specify dates (d1<d2 for range, d for latest before). See A.13.1 log options.

-h
Only print header. See A.13.1 log options.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-N
Do not list tags. See A.13.1 log options.

-R
Only print name of RCS file. See A.13.1 log options.

-rrevs
Only list revisions revs. See A.13.1 log options.

-s states
Only list revisions with specified states. See A.13.1 log options.

-t
Only print header and descriptive text. See A.13.1 log options.

-wlogins
Only list revisions checked in by specified logins. See A.13.1 log options.

rtag [options] tag modules...
Add a symbolic tag to a module. See 4. Revisions and 5. Branching and merging.

-a
Clear tag from removed files that would not otherwise be tagged. See 4.8 Tagging and adding and removing files.

-b
Create a branch named tag. See 5. Branching and merging.

-B
Used in conjuntion with -F or -d, enables movement and deletion of branch tags. Use with extreme caution.

-D date
Tag revisions as of date. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

-d
Delete tag. See 4.7 Deleting, moving, and renaming tags.

-F
Move tag if it already exists. See 4.7 Deleting, moving, and renaming tags.

-f
Force a head revision match if tag/date not found. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-n
No execution of tag program. See A.5 Common command options.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r rev
Tag existing tag rev. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

server
Rsh server. See 2.9.2 Connecting with rsh.

status [options] files...
Display status information in a working directory. See 10.1 File status.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-v
Include tag information for file. See 4.4 Tags--Symbolic revisions.

tag [options] tag [files...]
Add a symbolic tag to checked out version of files. See 4. Revisions and 5. Branching and merging.

-b
Create a branch named tag. See 5. Branching and merging.

-c
Check that working files are unmodified. See 4.5 Specifying what to tag from the working directory.

-D date
Tag revisions as of date. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

-d
Delete tag. See 4.7 Deleting, moving, and renaming tags.

-F
Move tag if it already exists. See 4.7 Deleting, moving, and renaming tags.

-f
Force a head revision match if tag/date not found. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r rev
Tag existing tag rev. See 4.6 Specifying what to tag by date or revision.

unedit [options] [files...]
Undo an edit command. See 10.6.3 How to edit a file which is being watched.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

update [options] [files...]
Bring work tree in sync with repository. See A.16 update--Bring work tree in sync with repository.

-A
Reset any sticky tags/date/options. See 4.9 Sticky tags and 12. Keyword substitution.

-C
Overwrite locally modified files with clean copies from the repository (the modified file is saved in `.#file.revision', however).

-D date
Check out revisions as of date (is sticky). See A.5 Common command options.

-d
Create directories. See A.16.1 update options.

-f
Use head revision if tag/date not found. See A.5 Common command options.

-I ign
More files to ignore (! to reset). See A.12.1 import options.

-j rev
Merge in changes. See A.16.1 update options.

-k kflag
Use kflag keyword expansion. See 12.4 Substitution modes.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-P
Prune empty directories. See 7.5 Moving and renaming directories.

-p
Check out files to standard output (avoids stickiness). See A.16.1 update options.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

-r tag
Checkout revision tag (is sticky). See A.5 Common command options.

-W spec
More wrappers. See A.12.1 import options.

version

Display the version of CVS being used. If the repository is remote, display both the client and server versions.

watch [on|off|add|remove] [options] [files...]

on/off: turn on/off read-only checkouts of files. See 10.6.1 Telling CVS to watch certain files.

add/remove: add or remove notification on actions. See 10.6.2 Telling CVS to notify you.

-a actions
Specify actions for temporary watch, where actions is edit, unedit, commit, all, or none. See 10.6.3 How to edit a file which is being watched.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.

watchers [options] [files...]
See who is watching a file. See 10.6.4 Information about who is watching and editing.

-l
Local; run only in current working directory. See 6. Recursive behavior.

-R
Operate recursively (default). See section 6. Recursive behavior.


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