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GNU Emacs Calc 2.02 Manual

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18.1 Creating User Keys

Any Calculator command may be bound to a key using the Z D (calc-user-define) command. Actually, it is bound to a two-key sequence beginning with the lower-case z prefix.

The Z D command first prompts for the key to define. For example, press Z D a to define the new key sequence z a. You are then prompted for the name of the Calculator command that this key should run. For example, the calc-sincos command is not normally available on a key. Typing Z D s sincos RET programs the z s key sequence to run calc-sincos. This definition will remain in effect for the rest of this Emacs session, or until you redefine z s to be something else.

You can actually bind any Emacs command to a z key sequence by backspacing over the `calc-' when you are prompted for the command name.

As with any other prefix key, you can type z ? to see a list of all the two-key sequences you have defined that start with z. Initially, no z sequences (except z ? itself) are defined.

User keys are typically letters, but may in fact be any key. (META-keys are not permitted, nor are a terminal's special function keys which generate multi-character sequences when pressed.) You can define different commands on the shifted and unshifted versions of a letter if you wish.

The Z U (calc-user-undefine) command unbinds a user key. For example, the key sequence Z U s will undefine the sincos key we defined above.

The Z P (calc-user-define-permanent) command makes a key binding permanent so that it will remain in effect even in future Emacs sessions. (It does this by adding a suitable bit of Lisp code into your `.emacs' file.) For example, Z P s would register our sincos command permanently. If you later wish to unregister this command you must edit your `.emacs' file by hand. (See section 7.1 General Mode Commands, for a way to tell Calc to use a different file instead of `.emacs'.)

The Z P command also saves the user definition, if any, for the command bound to the key. After Z F and Z C, a given user key could invoke a command, which in turn calls an algebraic function, which might have one or more special display formats. A single Z P command will save all of these definitions.

To save a command or function without its key binding (or if there is no key binding for the command or function), type ' (the apostrophe) when prompted for a key. Then, type the function name, or backspace to change the `calcFunc-' prefix to `calc-' and enter a command name. (If the command you give implies a function, the function will be saved, and if the function has any display formats, those will be saved, but not the other way around: Saving a function will not save any commands or key bindings associated with the function.)

The Z E (calc-user-define-edit) command edits the definition of a user key. This works for keys that have been defined by either keyboard macros or formulas; further details are contained in the relevant following sections.


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  Copyright 2003   by The Free Software Foundation     Updated Jun 2003