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Bison 1.875

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9.1 Bison Options

Bison supports both traditional single-letter options and mnemonic long option names. Long option names are indicated with `--' instead of `-'. Abbreviations for option names are allowed as long as they are unique. When a long option takes an argument, like `--file-prefix', connect the option name and the argument with `='.

Here is a list of options that can be used with Bison, alphabetized by short option. It is followed by a cross key alphabetized by long option.

Operations modes:

`-h'
`--help'
Print a summary of the command-line options to Bison and exit.

`-V'
`--version'
Print the version number of Bison and exit.

`-y'
`--yacc'
Equivalent to `-o y.tab.c'; the parser output file is called `y.tab.c', and the other outputs are called `y.output' and `y.tab.h'. The purpose of this option is to imitate Yacc's output file name conventions. Thus, the following shell script can substitute for Yacc, and the Bison distribution contains such a script for compatibility with POSIX:

 
#! /bin/sh
bison -y "$@"

Tuning the parser:

`-S file'
`--skeleton=file'
Specify the skeleton to use. You probably don't need this option unless you are developing Bison.

`-t'
`--debug'
In the parser file, define the macro YYDEBUG to 1 if it is not already defined, so that the debugging facilities are compiled. See section Tracing Your Parser.

`--locations'
Pretend that %locations was specified. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`-p prefix'
`--name-prefix=prefix'
Pretend that %name-prefix="prefix" was specified. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`-l'
`--no-lines'
Don't put any #line preprocessor commands in the parser file. Ordinarily Bison puts them in the parser file so that the C compiler and debuggers will associate errors with your source file, the grammar file. This option causes them to associate errors with the parser file, treating it as an independent source file in its own right.

`-n'
`--no-parser'
Pretend that %no-parser was specified. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`-k'
`--token-table'
Pretend that %token-table was specified. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

Adjust the output:

`-d'
`--defines'
Pretend that %defines was specified, i.e., write an extra output file containing macro definitions for the token type names defined in the grammar and the semantic value type YYSTYPE, as well as a few extern variable declarations. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`--defines=defines-file'
Same as above, but save in the file defines-file.

`-b file-prefix'
`--file-prefix=prefix'
Pretend that %verbose was specified, i.e, specify prefix to use for all Bison output file names. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`-r things'
`--report=things'
Write an extra output file containing verbose description of the comma separated list of things among:

state
Description of the grammar, conflicts (resolved and unresolved), and LALR automaton.

lookahead
Implies state and augments the description of the automaton with each rule's lookahead set.

itemset
Implies state and augments the description of the automaton with the full set of items for each state, instead of its core only.

For instance, on the following grammar

`-v'
`--verbose'
Pretend that %verbose was specified, i.e, write an extra output file containing verbose descriptions of the grammar and parser. See section 3.7.9 Bison Declaration Summary.

`-o filename'
`--output=filename'
Specify the filename for the parser file.

The other output files' names are constructed from filename as described under the `-v' and `-d' options.

`-g'
Output a VCG definition of the LALR(1) grammar automaton computed by Bison. If the grammar file is `foo.y', the VCG output file will be `foo.vcg'.

`--graph=graph-file'
The behavior of --graph is the same than `-g'. The only difference is that it has an optional argument which is the name of the output graph filename.


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