8.16.1 M680x0 Options
The Motorola 680x0 version of
as has a few machine
- You can use the `-l' option to shorten the size of references to undefined
symbols. If you do not use the `-l' option, references to undefined
symbols are wide enough for a full
long (32 bits). (Since
as cannot know where these symbols end up,
only allocate space for the linker to fill in later. Since
does not know how far away these symbols are, it allocates as much space as it
can.) If you use this option, the references are only one word wide (16 bits).
This may be useful if you want the object file to be as small as possible, and
you know that the relevant symbols are always less than 17 bits away.
- For some configurations, especially those where the compiler normally
does not prepend an underscore to the names of user variables, the
assembler requires a `%' before any use of a register name. This
is intended to let the assembler distinguish between C variables and
functions named `a0' through `a7', and so on. The `%' is
always accepted, but is not required for certain configurations, notably
`sun3'. The `--register-prefix-optional' option may be used
to permit omitting the `%' even for configurations for which it is
normally required. If this is done, it will generally be impossible to
refer to C variables and functions with the same names as register
- Normally the character `|' is treated as a comment character, which
means that it can not be used in expressions. The `--bitwise-or'
option turns `|' into a normal character. In this mode, you must
either use C style comments, or start comments with a `#' character
at the beginning of a line.
- `--base-size-default-16 --base-size-default-32'
- If you use an addressing mode with a base register without specifying
as will normally use the full 32 bit value.
For example, the addressing mode `%a0@(%d0)' is equivalent to
`%a0@(%d0:l)'. You may use the `--base-size-default-16'
option to tell
as to default to using the 16 bit value.
In this case, `%a0@(%d0)' is equivalent to `%a0@(%d0:w)'.
You may use the `--base-size-default-32' option to restore the
- `--disp-size-default-16 --disp-size-default-32'
- If you use an addressing mode with a displacement, and the value of the
displacement is not known,
as will normally assume that
the value is 32 bits. For example, if the symbol `disp' has not
as will assemble the addressing mode
`%a0@(disp,%d0)' as though `disp' is a 32 bit value. You may
use the `--disp-size-default-16' option to tell
to instead assume that the displacement is 16 bits. In this case,
as will assemble `%a0@(disp,%d0)' as though
`disp' is a 16 bit value. You may use the
`--disp-size-default-32' option to restore the default behaviour.
- Always keep branches PC-relative. In the M680x0 architecture all branches
are defined as PC-relative. However, on some processors they are limited
to word displacements maximum. When
as needs a long branch
that is not available, it normally emits an absolute jump instead. This
option disables this substitution. When this option is given and no long
branches are available, only word branches will be emitted. An error
message will be generated if a word branch cannot reach its target. This
option has no effect on 68020 and other processors that have long branches.
see section Branch Improvement.
as can assemble code for several different members of the
Motorola 680x0 family. The default depends upon how
was configured when it was built; normally, the default is to assemble
code for the 68020 microprocessor. The following options may be used to
change the default. These options control which instructions and
addressing modes are permitted. The members of the 680x0 family are
very similar. For detailed information about the differences, see the
- Assemble for the 68000. `-m68008', `-m68302', and so on are synonyms
for `-m68000', since the chips are the same from the point of view
of the assembler.
- Assemble for the 68010.
- Assemble for the 68020. This is normally the default.
- Assemble for the 68030.
- Assemble for the 68040.
- Assemble for the 68060.
- Assemble for the CPU32 family of chips.
- Assemble for the ColdFire family of chips.
- Assemble 68881 floating point instructions. This is the default for the
68020, 68030, and the CPU32. The 68040 and 68060 always support
floating point instructions.
- Do not assemble 68881 floating point instructions. This is the default
for 68000 and the 68010. The 68040 and 68060 always support floating
point instructions, even if this option is used.
- Assemble 68851 MMU instructions. This is the default for the 68020,
68030, and 68060. The 68040 accepts a somewhat different set of MMU
instructions; `-m68851' and `-m68040' should not be used
- Do not assemble 68851 MMU instructions. This is the default for the
68000, 68010, and the CPU32. The 68040 accepts a somewhat different set
of MMU instructions.