www.delorie.com/gnu/docs/automake/automake_106.html   search  
 
Buy GNU books!


automake

[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]

20. Conditionals

Automake supports a simple type of conditionals.

Before using a conditional, you must define it by using AM_CONDITIONAL in the configure.in file (see section 5.6 Autoconf macros supplied with Automake).

Macro: AM_CONDITIONAL (conditional, condition)
The conditional name, conditional, should be a simple string starting with a letter and containing only letters, digits, and underscores. It must be different from `TRUE' and `FALSE' which are reserved by Automake.

The shell condition (suitable for use in a shell if statement) is evaluated when configure is run. Note that you must arrange for every AM_CONDITIONAL to be invoked every time configure is run -- if AM_CONDITIONAL is run conditionally (e.g., in a shell if statement), then the result will confuse automake.

Conditionals typically depend upon options which the user provides to the configure script. Here is an example of how to write a conditional which is true if the user uses the `--enable-debug' option.

 
AC_ARG_ENABLE(debug,
[  --enable-debug    Turn on debugging],
[case "${enableval}" in
  yes) debug=true ;;
  no)  debug=false ;;
  *) AC_MSG_ERROR(bad value ${enableval} for --enable-debug) ;;
esac],[debug=false])
AM_CONDITIONAL(DEBUG, test x$debug = xtrue)

Here is an example of how to use that conditional in `Makefile.am':

 
if DEBUG
DBG = debug
else
DBG =
endif
noinst_PROGRAMS = $(DBG)

This trivial example could also be handled using EXTRA_PROGRAMS (see section 9.1.4 Conditional compilation of programs).

You may only test a single variable in an if statement, possibly negated using `!'. The else statement may be omitted. Conditionals may be nested to any depth. You may specify an argument to else in which case it must be the negation of the condition used for the current if. Similarly you may specify the condition which is closed by an end:

 
if DEBUG
DBG = debug
else !DEBUG
DBG =
endif !DEBUG

Unbalanced conditions are errors.

Note that conditionals in Automake are not the same as conditionals in GNU Make. Automake conditionals are checked at configure time by the `configure' script, and affect the translation from `Makefile.in' to `Makefile'. They are based on options passed to `configure' and on results that `configure' has discovered about the host system. GNU Make conditionals are checked at make time, and are based on variables passed to the make program or defined in the `Makefile'.

Automake conditionals will work with any make program.


[ < ] [ > ]   [ << ] [ Up ] [ >> ]         [Top] [Contents] [Index] [ ? ]

  webmaster   donations   bookstore     delorie software   privacy  
  Copyright 2003   by The Free Software Foundation     Updated Jun 2003